Category Archives: recording

One against Gangs fighting sound effects

I used the ZOOM H2n to record sound effects and to create a story fight sequence. I set the recorder to the X/Y channel and also set the file format as MP3. I placed the recorder right next to my iPad while playing the video to focus on the sounds loud and clear. What I record the sound effects is from Bruce Lee’s movies that Bruce Lee uses his battle cries while fighting the opponents at the same time. Most of the sound effects scenes from Bruce Lee’s movies that I recorded is without background musics included so it would be easier for my to create my own sound effect story therefore when hearing back the sounds playback, you cannot tell the what scenes was from that it was used to be recorded in general.

I found a website about the sound effects foley how it was made that can apply to the media to create a story of a procedure. For example, it explains that “Foley effects are sound effects added to the film during post production (after the shooting stops). They include sounds such as footsteps, clothes rustling, crockery clinking, paper folding, doors opening and slamming, punches hitting, glass breaking, etc. etc. In other words, many of the sounds that the sound recordists on set did their best to avoid recording during the shoot”.

Overall, I enjoy recording the sounds when knowing how to adjust the channels and file format from the recorder to hear the playback recordings for the results.

Follow the guide

For this particular recording assignment I will be recording a interview. The recording will involve no more than two people, one of them being myself. In order to record this discussion properly I would have to do some research on how to record a discussion. I would also have to look up microphones used for recording discussion and the best type; handheld vs pin-up (LAV) . Lastly I would need to understand how the setting I choose to record my discussion will affect the sound quality of the recording.

Some of the resources used while investigating proper sound recording techniques, equipment, and recorder settings will be the internet, some text, and a professional sound engineer. For my text resource I will have to refer to the Audio In Media by Stanley R. Alten textbook. In chapter 15 of Audio In Media entitled Music Production: Miking Music for Digital Recording under the paragraph Isolating the Vocalist Alten writes, “To record as clean as a vocal sound as possible, many studios use a isolation booth to prevent leakage from instruments or acoustics from reaching the vocal mic”. Although this is not the only way to isolate an audio recording it is one useful way I can get a clean interview. With this I found myself looking to the TV studio room to record a clean background sound free discussion.

After googling “how to properly record an discussion” I was led to a site called Videomaker. Within this site I learned about some of the mics best suited to record a small group (I customized the information to fit my discussion recording). The author of this Q & A answers the question he is given about recordind a small group with, ‘I would put an omni in the middle of the group and run an XLR cable to my camcorder.  You can get pro quality sound from a next-to-new Sennheiser ME62 omni with a K6 powering module for $240 on eBay, not a lot more than a $230 VideoMic Pro. With a pro mic with a balanced XLR out put, you can run balanced XLR cable without introducing noise.  You cannot do this with a mic with unbalanced 3.5mm output, like the Rode. The great thing about the Sennheiser is that it is modular.  If you need more directionality, you can get a supercardioid head for as little as $109‘ – brunerww. Although not all of this information was directed to me I did in fact take note to the suggestions for future projects.

As I searched the web for more useful tips and “how to guides” I stumbled upon another site called Soundtosound.com. According to the frequently asked questions (FAQ) list of  Soundtosound.com its states that “most engineers will use a cardioid pattern, which is more sensitive to sounds arriving from the front than from the back and sides, as this avoids capturing much in the way of ambient sound”. I find this very interesting because as I am doing a vocal recording I need to come to a conclusion of what mic type to use. Also this information helped me in my second recording that only contained sounds no vocals.

This text will not only help me decide on what mic to use but help me find a good location based on acoustics. I will also refer to both chapter 2 Acoustics and Psychoacoustics along with chapter 4 Microphones in  the Audio In Media textbook. The recorder I will use for this recording will be the Tascam DR100 MKII. Based on its functionality and ease of use I feel this will be best for my recording. It also enables me to attach an XLR cable to it for my omnidirectional microphone I will use. I am using an omnidirectional microphone mainly because I want to capture all notes my singer sings. The omnidirectional microphone has a wider polar pattern and is used mainly for recording like this one.

[soundcloud params=”auto_play=false&show_comments=true”]https://soundcloud.com/lakeya-johnson/julis-and-lakeya-the-cttalk[/soundcloud]

I would like to do

I’d like to use natural and artificial sounds, including pre-recorded sounds from various movies to create sound effects, then mix them together to create a story. To do this, I will take a scene from a movie/cartoon on Youtube, and replace it with the new sounds i will create. I will give credit to all of the sources I will use.

Resources needed:

  1. Headphones, for listening to sounds.
  2. Adobe Premier Pro CS6, to mix sounds and create my new movie.
  3. Zoom H2M recorder, to record the artificial sounds.
  4. A hand held mic, to connect to zoom h2m to produce clearer artificial sounds. I wanted to to hear more of the subject and less unwanted ambient noise. Eg. wind.

Recorder / Mic Checklist

RECORDER

Input Gain – Manual Vs. Auto, (Left vs. Right) gain dials, MIC GAIN (L, M, H), Limiter/auto switch.

File Format – file type WAV or MP3 (uncompressed or compressed), sample rate (44.1, 48, 96, 128), bit depth (8, 16, 24, 32)

Internal vs. External mics

Phantom Power (+48V) on/off

Left vs. Right, Stereo vs. mono, Channels, 1, 2, 4

Monitoring – Headphones (headphone volume), Meters

Why or why not low cut filters?

connectors/cables

ARE YOU ACTUALLY RECORDING? HOW DO YOU KNOW?

MICROPHONES

Polar Pattern – omni directional transducer listens from all directions equally. carded and all it’s variations (these are to some degree direction), polar (bi directional)

mic mount type – lavaliere (tie clip), shotgun, handheld, surface (tabletop)

Tranducer type – Dynamic, Condenser, Ribbon (power needed for condensers and ribbon)

Connectors – XLR, Mini, mini stereo

 

If you think there is anything we should add to this list leave it in the comments.

Lets build a…

There are many things one can build and sometimes these choices can be infinite with the tools and resources you may have. I would like to build a number of things all relating to sound and how we can use the build to develop our skills. I would also like to make a stop motion film with the use of action figures based on a movie scene or something with my sound effects. If that doesn’t pan out then I would like to build a speaker preferably one with a high wattage.

Getting to know your equipment

[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=es_4M9E7o3g[/youtube]

 

The objective of this post was to understand the how the recorder and microphone is to be properly used and explain that in a video tutorial. Before starting this post I referred to the Makings of A Good Blog Post by M. Branson. Within the making of a good post I was promoted not only to used hyperlinks, pictures, and video but to add a reflection of how I felt about my recording. After reading this I felt the need to watch someone actually doing what I was assigned to do to get abetter understanding of what a tutorial should look like.

MARANTZ YOUTUBE TUTORIAL

[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gcd9aS8s3vw[/youtube]

The Marantz 671 which is the slightly updated version of the Marantz 670 contains a few new features along with it user friendly display. First off the Marantz contains a built in Microphone which is very useful when you are not wearing a headset to listen to recorded sound. It also has 2 XLR cable inputs for condenser or dynamic microphones along with a head phone jack and remote input. The headphone volume can be set manually from the knob on the front face of the Marantz which goes from 0 – 10. Just to mention a few display features the Marantz contains a recording, total / remaining time, left/ right decibel reading, track, kbps, and a khz label.

The Marantz does come with the optional phantom power  option of (+48v). Although I did not get it to record over two channels using two different microphones It can record in mono and stereo. Stereo 2 channel and mono 1 channel for both recording and playback. There are also two different recording formats one for compressed and the other for uncompressed recording.

Uncompressed records using 16 or 24 bit PCM (Pulse Code Modulation). 16 -bit at 4.1khz for standard CD recordings and 24 – bit 96khz for more high quality recordings. Most of the input levels are manual but they all can be set off or to automatic. I believe that with the ghost recording; the Marantz can duplicate your mono recording and place it to the L / R side but 15db lower.

Reflection:

Through my entire process of this recording I felt that It could have been done better. My concerns were on the quality of the sound that I heard after the recording and how I would set them the next time I recorded.  Although I had a headset I could not use it because I did not have the adapter that allowed the headset to fit into the port on the  recorder.

I know my recorder because I can describe…

 

For this Thursday you will need to create a video tutorial that describes the following functions of your recorder. You may use any microphone you choose for your demonstration.

file format (sample rate, bit rate, compression)

mic input types and the necessary cables

meters for reading levels

headphone volume

input levels (manual or automatic)

phantom power (+48V)

recording to different channels, mono vs. stereo

switches and settings that affect the signal (this is more open ended based on the individual recorders. No switch, setting that affects recording should be left unexplained. Switches, buttons that are for playback can be ignored.